Testicular cancer is germ cell tumor that formed in the tissue of one or both testicles. In most of the situations, it occurs in the male sex glands in the scrotum it starts as germ cells. Testicular cancer typically grows in one or both testicles in young men. However, it can also occur in older men as well. It is a highly treatable, even after cancer has spread outside the testicle. Depending on the kind and stage of testicular cancer since it is curable type of cancer.
The testicular cancer lump can be of two types which are known as seminomas and non-seminomas depending on how they develop as well as their spread mode. Nonseminomas grows and spreads much faster than the seminomas and therefore different ways and means treat both types. However, When a testicular polyp has both seminoma and non-seminoma cancer cells, they are treated as a nonseminoma case.
Examine the testicles and check the blood for any cancer signs to have a testicular cancer diagnosis. A physical checkup is first done to check for any symptoms of swellings or infected areas which might appear a bit abnormal. The testicles check for any discomfort, swelling or lumps together with a complete medical history of the patient. After the physical test done, ultrasound tests are absorbed to go through a picture of the body tissues.
Risk Factors and Treatment
Any treatment should be discussed with the family because it involves the removal of the affected testicles, which can affect fertility and sexuality. Whether the testicular cancer is seminoma or nonseminom, and its phase is its treatment definite.
Though, other surgeries like radiation and chemotherapy affect sperm production and ejaculation. So the treatment should be deliberated before adapting it. In nonseminomas, the lymph nodes are also detached to find out the extent of tumor spread. Nevertheless, this is not required in seminomas as CT scans offer adequate information.
Radiation is better for seminomas and not for nonseminomas as they are not complicated to radiation. When giving radiation, the remaining testicle is usually protected to prevent radiation getting it as this may hamper its ability in producing sperms. Although sperm count may decrease after radiation, few years of treatment then it returns to normal.
The other treatment is Chemotherapy, which administered after surgery through inoculations or orally to destroy any tumor cells there may be in the body. Follow-up testing is crucial for any kind the treatment adopted since the chances of a recurrence of a second tumor are always there. Choose the follow-up testing procedures that you can adapt according to your case.